Calming for cats chews are a calming supplement designed to support relaxation_especially when your cat is stressed out. When your cat can't deal with your holiday guests or you want him to stay calm on that long trip to the vet, Calming chews are a convenient opportunity to help him relax. Three ingredients work together to support calm behavior without sedation or personality changes. No herbals used. Safe use in pregnant animals or animals intended for breeding has not been proven. If animal's condition worsens or does not improve, stop product administration and consult your veterinarian. Store in a cool, dry place. For use in cats only. For animal use only. Keep out of reach of children and animals. Your pet may consider this a treat. In case of accidental overdose, contact a health professional immediately. RECOMMENDED FOR : ¬• Changes to environment ¬• Boarding or kenneling ¬• Veterinary or grooming visits ¬• Holidays and parties ¬• Boredom or separation anxiety ¬• Moving or traveling ¬• Fireworks and thunderstorms ABOUT THE FORMULA : Colostrum Calming Complex Biopeptide Blend is isolated from colostrum proteins, which have a calming effect on animals. These bioactive proteins have been found to support cognitive function and help manage normal stress. The Colostrum Calming Complex Biopeptide Blend works synergistically with the L-Theanine in this formula to promote relaxation and cognition in cats. L-Theanine supports calming and relaxation and and may reduce irritability and low mood states. L-Theanine has been extensively researched for its ability to manage normal stress, anxiety, and unwanted behavior. L-Theanine is a naturally occurring amino acid found in green tea that is a derivative of the neurotransmitter glutamic acid. It helps the body produce other calming amino acids, such as dopamine, GABA and tryptophan and it helps bring certain neurotransmitters into balance. Studies on L-Theanine showed reduced anxiety-related behavior in cats without adverse effect or drowsiness; cats were alert, playful, and calmer in stressful situations. Thiamine (Vitamin B1) may help to manage stress and reduce irritability. Thiamine has been shown to affect the central nervous system to help calm and soothe anxious animals. A lack of thiamine can cause mental confusion, muscular weakness, muscle spasms, nervousness, reduced appetite, or weight loss during periods of stress.